Guide to Koi Breeding
Like most fish, Koi carp lay eggs instead of bearing live offspring. A guide to Koi breeding knows they lay thousands of eggs at a time. This process may sound easy and promising if you’re considering breeding Koi for fun or profit, but many factors must be precisely right for even a tiny percentage of these eggs to survive, so don’t get your hopes up just yet. This article will explain the process of Koi spawning.
The first component of Koi breeding is a pair of healthy, mature Koi. However, if you can raise healthy Koi, they will reach sexual maturity as early as three years of age. Sometimes they will not start breeding until they are almost four. The actual art and science of raising healthy Koi are outside this article’s scope, but many resources are available.
It depends more on their physical growth rate than age. A pregnant female will be relatively easy to notice, among other Koi. They will, of course, appear larger, mainly in the abdomen. Pregnancy, however, does not equate to fertility in the fish world. A male must fertilize the eggs, and determining when a male is ready to breed is difficult.
Set Up A Breeding Pond or Tank
The next most important factor is an appropriate breeding setup. Generally, it is preferable to conduct Koi spawning in a controlled environment, separate from the other Koi that you may have. Since the water parameters most appropriate to encourage breeding are somewhat stressful on the Koi, it is best not to unnecessarily place the entire fish pond under this strain.
Also, when keeping the spawning pair separate from the rest of the flock, you can better ascertain the type of Koi you will produce if you are trying to cross-breed. Furthermore, you will have much more control over the eggs’ fate, improving the overall survivability of your Koi babies.
The ideal setup will have plenty of room for both fish. Expert opinions vary, but the temperature should be somewhere around 2-5°C higher. Always remember to give the female an area to lay the eggs; they will need something to attach to. Plant matter tends to work best, but even experienced breeders have used a solution as simple as a mop head to save costs.
Always keep the eggs separate from the rest of the fish. If left open to the adult Koi, they will likely be eaten. Additionally, it is best to have some “private” areas within the breeding enclosure, basically anything that gives the impression of a nest. Again, some plant matter or fish netting will work well for this effect.
Koi will naturally breed in the spring. They can sense the time of year through changes in the water temperature. Simulating this would be extremely difficult, so it is best to occur naturally. If the pair breed, they will likely do it in the morning.
All of the conditions must be just right. Make sure they are well-fed. If they do not breed, try adjusting the water temperature; it may be too cold or warm. You can keep trying, but keeping the Koi in the breeding enclosure for a few days at a time is only recommended. They may perish if exposed to the high temperatures for too long.
The eggs, if fertilized, will hatch seven to ten days after the spawning. While Koi would lay thousands of eggs at a time, do not raise your expectations that each one will survive.
Not all of the eggs will make it, and you should not expect thousands of little Koi swimming around for your money-making. Ensure that you set your standards lower and don’t base your budget on the hopes of thousands of Koi offspring in each batch of two mature Koi.
Originally posted 2020-09-20 06:03:15.